The Israa and also Miraj express to, two bagian of a miraculous journey that Prophet Muhammad (SAW) took in one night indigenous Makkah to Jerusalem and kemudian an ascension come the heavens.

Anda sedang menonton: Khutbah jumat tentang isra miraj

The Prophet favored to go to the Kaaba enclosure at night. He would certainly stand there in prayer for long hours. One evening, he unexpectedly felt deeply tired and also in great need the sleep. He thus lay down near the Kaaba and also fell asleep.

Muhammad has actually related that the point of view Gabriel kemudian came come him. Gabriel shook him twice to awaken him, but Muhammad slept on; the 3rd time the angel shook him, Muhammad awoke, and also Gabriel aku mengambilnya him come the doors the the mosque, wherein a white animal (looking something like a cross in between a mule and a donkey, however with wings) was wait for them.

He mounted the animal, i beg your pardon was referred to as al-Buraq, and started with gabriel toward Jerusalem. Over there Muhammad met a group of prophets who had preceded the (Abraham, Moses, and others), and he led a group prayer with them top top the holy place site. When the prayer to be over, the Prophet was raised with the Angel gabriel beyond room and time.

On his way, climbing through the seven heavens, the again met the variasi prophets, and his vision that the heavens and also of the beauty of itu horizons permeated his being. He at terakhir reached the Lotus of the Utmost border (Sidrat al-Muntaha). This was where the Prophet obtained the injunction of the tahun daily prayers and Revelation that the verse that established the facets of the Muslim creed (al-aqidah):

 “The Messenger to trust in maafkan saya has to be revealed to him from his Lord, as do the believers. Every one to trust in God, His angels, His books, and His Messengers. Us make no distinction between one and lagi of His Messengers. And also they say: ‘We hear, and also we obey: her fhamon-design.comiveness, our Lord, and also to girlfriend is the finish of all journeys.” Quran 2:285

Muhammad to be taken kembali to Jerusalem through the Angel gabriel and al-Buraq, and also from over there to Mecca. ~ above the means back, he came upon some caravans that were tambahan traveling come Mecca. It to be still night when they reached the Kaaba enclosure. The angel and al-Buraq left, and Muhammad proceeded come the home of Um Hani, one of his paling trusted Companions.

He gave her an account of maafkan saya had taken place to him, and also she advised him not to phone call anybody around it, i beg your pardon Muhammad refused to do. Later on on, the Quran to be to report this endure in two different passages. One is in the surah whose title, “Al-Isra” (The Nocturnal Voyage), directly refers to the event:

 Glory to He Who took His servant because that a journey by night native the paling sacred mosque come the the furthest mosque, whose precincts we blessed, in order the We might show him few of Our signs: because that He is the One who hears and also sees . Quran 17:1

It is juga in the surah “An-Najm” (The Star): Quran 53:4-18

 “It is no much less than incentive sent down to him: he was taught through one mighty in power, endowed with wisdom. For he appeared in angelic form while he was in the highest component of the horizon. Then he approached and came closer, and was at a distance of but two bow lengths or nearer. Therefore did God convey by impetus to His Servant maafkan saya He supposed to convey. The heart in no way belied the which that saw. Will you kemudian dispute through him concerning apa he saw? For certainly he observed him at another descent, close to the Lotus that the utmost boundary close to it is the Garden of Abode-when the which spanned the Lotus covered it. His sight tidak pernah swerved, nor did it walk wrong. Because that truly did he see, of the signs of his Lord, the Greatest!”

The Night Journey and also ascension were to provide rise to countless comments, both when the Prophet recounted the facts and also later among Muslim scholars. As soon as Muhammad visited the Kaaba and also reported his experience, jeers, sniggers and criticisms conveniently followed.

The Quraysh believed that at last they had actually proof that this so-called prophet was without doubt mad, since he dared insurance claim that in one night he had actually made a journey to Jerusalem (which in itself required several weeks) and that the had, furthermore, been elevated to the visibility of his One God. His madness was obvious.

The Night trip experience, gift in classical accounts the the Prophet’s life together a gift indigenous God and a consecration because that the Messenger, the elect (al-Mustafa) to be a real trial because that Muhammad and those around him. It significant the border between itu believers whose belief radiated in milik mereka trust in this Prophet and his message and also the others, who menjadi taken aback through the improbability of such a story.

A Quraysh delegation quickened to go and pertanyaan Abu Bakr about his mad and senseless friend, but his immediate, forthright prize surprised them: “If that says sebagai a thing, it cannot but be true!” Abu Bakr’s faith and trust were seperti that he was no in the the very least disturbed, even for a second.

After that, he individu went to question the Prophet, who evidenced the facts; together a result, Abu Bakr repeated forcefully: “I believe you, girlfriend have selalu spoken the truth.” From the day on, the Prophet dubbed Abu Bakr through the epithet As-Siddiq (he that is truthful, who confirms the truth).

The trial that Muhammad’s Night journey presented for his other Muslims developed at a minute when they menjadi struggling through a paling difficult situation. Legacy reports the a couple of Muslims left Islam, but most trusted Muhammad. A couple of weeks later, facts shown some elements of his account, for circumstances the arrival of caravans whose coming he had actually announced (having checked out them top top his way back) and of which he had given a precise description.

Thanks come the stamin of this faith, the community of Muslims would have the ability to face future adversity. From kemudian on, Umar ibn al-Khattab and also Abu Bakr dulu always to stand in the front heat of this spirituality force.

Muslim scholars have, indigenous the outset, pondered the question of even if it is the Night journey was of a purely spiritual alam or even if it is it was juga physical. The majority of scholars think about that the journey was both physical and spiritual. All things considered, however, this pertanyaan is not vital in the irradiate of the teachings that can be drawn from this khususnya experience undertaken by the Messenger.

There is very first of all, that course, the centrality the the city that Jerusalem: in ~ the time, the Prophet prayed dealing with the divine city (the first qibla, or arah of prayer), and also during the Night journey it was on the website of the temple that he memerintah the prayer bersama with every the prophets.

Jerusalem thus shows up at the heart of the Prophet’s experience and teaching together a dual symbol, of both centrality (with the direction of prayer) and also universality (with the prayer of all the prophets). Later, in Medina, the qibla (direction of prayer) was to change-from Jerusalem come the Kaaba – to membedakan Islam native Judaism, yet this by no means entailed a diminution the Jerusalem’s status, and also in the abovementioned verse the references to the “most spiritual mosque” (the Kaaba, in Mecca) and the “farthest mosque” (al-Aqsa, in Jerusalem) develop a spiritual and also sacred link in between the 2 cities.

The various other teaching is the a purely spiritual essence: all Revelation reached the Prophet in the food of his earthly experience, through the exception, as we have actually seen, the the verses that develop the fundamental pillars of faith (al-iman) and the duty of prayer (as-salat). The Prophet was increased to sky to receive the teachings that menjadi to akan the basis of islamic worship and also ritual, al-aqidah and al-ibadat, which need that believers should accept their membentuk as well as anda substance.

Unlike the daerah of sosial affairs (al-muamalat), i m sorry calls for the an innovative mediation of people’s intellect and intelligence, manusia rationality here submits, in the surname of faith and also as an plot of humility, come the order imposed by Revelation: God has prescribed requirements and also norms the the mind need to hear and implement and also the heart need to love.

Raised to get the injunction of routine prayer, the Prophet and his suffer reveal what prayer have to in significance be: a reminder of and an elevation towards the paling High, lima times a day, in order to detach native oneself from the world, and also from illusions. The miraj (the elevation during the Night Journey) is thus more than just an archetype that the spiritual experience; the is pregnant with the deep meaning of prayer, which, through the Eternal Word, permits us come liberate our awareness from the contingencies of room and time, and completely comprehend the an interpretation of life and also of Life.

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This excerpt was taken indigenous “In the Footsteps of The Prophet- Lessons indigenous the Life the Muhammad” through Tariq ramadan who is a professor of ideology and islamic studies at oxford and at Erasmus university in the Netherlands.