LEV YASHIN

Full nameLev Ivanovich YashinNameLev YashinPlaying positionGoalkeeperCareer start1950Height1.89mRoleFootball player
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Lev Ivanovich Yashin (Russian: Лев Ива́нович Я́шин, 22 October 1929 – trăng tròn March 1990), nicknamed the "Black Spider" or the "Black Panther", was a Soviet-Russian football goalkeeper, considered by many in the thể thao to be the greatest goalkeeper in the history of the game. He was known for his athleticism, stature, imposing presence in goal, and acrobatic reflex saves. He was also deputy chairman of the Football Federation of the Soviet Union.

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Yashin earned iconic status for revolutionizing the goalkeeping position by stamping his authority on the entire defense. He shouted orders at his defenders, came off his line to intercept crosses and also ran out to meet onrushing attackers, done at a time when goalkeepers spent the 90 minutes standing in the goal waiting lớn be called into action. His performances made an indelible impression on a global audience at the 1958 World Cup, the first lớn be broadcast internationally. He dressed head to toe in black, thus earning his nickname the "Black Spider", which enhanced his popularity.

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Yashin appeared in four World Cups from 1958 to 1970, and in 2002 was chosen on the FIFA Dream Team of the history of World Cups. In 1994, he was chosen for the FIFA World Cup All-Time Team, & in 1998 was chosen as a thành viên of the World Team of the 20th Century. According khổng lồ FIFA, Yashin saved over 150 penalty kicks in professional football – more than any other goalkeeper. He also kept over 270 clean sheets in his career, winning a gold medal at the 1956 Olympic football tournament, and the 1960 European Championships. In 1963, Yashin received the Ballon d"Or, the only goalkeeper ever khổng lồ receive the award. He was voted the best goalkeeper of the 20th century by the IFFHS.

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Early life

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Yashin was born in Moscow to a family of industrial workers. When he was 12, the Second World War forced him khổng lồ turn khổng lồ factory work to aid in the war effort. However his health at the age of 18 meant he was unable to work. Thus, he was sent lớn work in a military factory in Moscow, where he played for its football team. It was there that he was spotted & invited to lớn join the Dynamo Moscow youth team.

Club career

Yashin’s debut for Dynamo came in 1950 in a friendly match. It was not the debut he would have hoped for, as he conceded a soft goal scored straight from a clearance by the opposing keeper. That year he played in only two league games, và did not appear in a senior match again until 1953. But he remained determined, và stayed at Dynamo in the reserves waiting for another opportunity. Yashin also played goalie for the Dynamo ice hockey team during those early years of trying lớn break into the senior squad. He managed khổng lồ win a USSR ice hockey cup in 1953 và was third in the USSR ice hockey championship as goalkeeper.

He spent his entire professional football career with Dynamo Moscow, from 1950 khổng lồ 1970, winning the USSR football championship five times và the USSR Cup three times. Yashin’s club team-mate, rival & mentor was Alexei "Tiger" Khomich, the keeper of the Soviet national team, who had become famous for his role in Dynamo Moscow’s British tour. He also internally rivalled goalkeeper Walter Sanaya, who left the club in 1953.

International career


In 1954, Yashin was called up lớn the national team, & would go on to lớn gather 78 caps. With the national team he won the 1956 Summer Olympics and the 1960 European Championship. He also played in three World Cups, in 1958, 1962 & 1966. Yashin is credited with four clean sheets out of the 12 games he played in the World Cup finals.

The 1958 World Cup, played in Sweden, put Yashin on the bản đồ for his performances, with the Soviet Union advancing to lớn the quarter-finals. In a group stage match against the eventual Cup winners Brazil, which the Soviet team lost 2–0, Yashin’s performance prevented the score from becoming a rout. He was selected into the All-Star Team that World Cup.

Yashin was nominated for Ballon d"Or in 1960 and 1961 & placed fifth and fourth, respectively. In 1962, despite suffering two concussions during the tournament, he once again led the team lớn a quarter-final finish, before losing lớn host country Chile. That tournament showed that Yashin was all too human, having made some uncharacteristic mistakes. In the game against Colombia, which the Soviet Union was leading 4–1, Yashin let in a few soft goals, including a goal scored by Marcos Coll directly from a corner kick (the first and the only goal scored directly from a corner in FIFA World Cup history). The trò chơi finished in a 4–4 tie, which led the French newspaper l"Equipe to predict the kết thúc of Yashin’s career. He did, however, make an outstanding save against Chile in the Quarter-Final. Despite this, the Soviet Union suffered a 2–1 defeat và were eliminated from the World Cup.

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Despite the disappointment of the 1962 World Cup, Yashin would bounce back to win the Ballon d"Or in December 1963. One of his best performances that year was the 1963 England v Rest of the World football match, where he made a number of spectacular saves. From that point onward he was known to the world as the "Black Spider" because he wore a distinctive all-black outfit and because it seemed as though he had eight arms to lớn save almost everything. But to lớn his fans, he was always the fearless "Black Panther". He often played wearing a cloth cap of burnt-brick colour. Yashin led the Soviet team lớn its best showing at the FIFA World Cup, a fourth-place finish in the 1966 World Cup held in England.

Always ready khổng lồ give advice khổng lồ his comrades, Yashin even made a fourth trip lớn the World Cup finals in 1970, held in Mexico, as the third-choice back-up and an assistant coach. The Soviet team again reached the quarter-finals. In 1971, in Moscow, he played his last match for Dynamo Moscow. Lev Yashin’s FIFA testimonial match was held at the Lenin Stadium in Moscow with 100,000 fans attending và a host of football stars, including Pelé, Eusébio & Franz Beckenbauer.

Post-playing career

After retiring from playing, Yashin spent almost đôi mươi years in various administrative positions at Dynamo Moscow. A bronze statue of Lev Yashin was erected at the Dynamo Stadium in Moscow.

In 1986, following a thrombophlebitis contracted while he was in Budapest, Yashin underwent the amputation of one of his legs. He died in 1990 of stomach cancer, despite a surgical intervention in an attempt to save his life. He was given a state funeral as a Soviet Honoured Master of Sport.


Yashin was survived by wife Valentina Timofeyevna and daughters Irina & Elena. His grandson Vasili Frolov played as a goalkeeper for Dynamo.

Accolades

Yashin remains the only goalkeeper to have won the Ballon d"Or Award, which he received in 1963. He also stopped 151 penalty kicks during his career, more than any other goalkeeper in the history of the sport, & kept over 270 clean sheets. For his outstanding service lớn the people & to his country, Yashin was awarded the Order of Lenin in 1967, the highest award of the USSR.

Yashin would always organise the defensive trò chơi of his team, often so fiercely that even his wife accused him of yelling too much on the pitch. He rarely captained his teams, as the accepted custom of appointing a goalkeeper captain was virtually unheard-of in that era, but his leadership on the field was always evident. Yashin was one of the goalkeepers that began the practice of punching balls out in difficult situations instead of trying to catch them. Other novel practices he developed were the quick throw of the ball lớn begin a counterattack, coming out of the penalty area khổng lồ anticipate danger, và the command and organisation of the defenders – practices now quite common among goalkeepers. When asked what his secret was, he would reply that the trick was "to have a smoke lớn calm your nerves, then toss back a strong drink to tone your muscles."

In 1994, FIFA established the Lev Yashin Award for the best goalkeeper at the World Cup finals. FIFA polls named Yashin as the sole goalkeeper in World Team of the 20th Century. World Soccer Magazine named him in their The 100 Greatest Players of the 20th century. Many commentators still consider Yashin the best keeper in the history of football, which resulted in the fact he was chosen to be the goalkeeper in most of the world-all-time teams ever written (including the FIFA World Cup All-Time Team & the FIFA Dream Team).

Legacy

The following works are devoted lớn Yashin:

Song "Вратарь" ("Goalkeeper", 1971) by Vladimir Vysotsky.Verse "Года летят" ("Years go by") by Robert Rozhdestvensky.Verse "Вратарь выходит из ворот" ("Goalkeeper is coming out of the goal", 1974) by Yevgeny Yevtushenko.A Russian-language biopic about his life, entitled, Lev Yashin: Goalie of My Dreams, is currently being planned. The film is scheduled to lớn be released in 2017, to coincide with the opening of the new billion-dollar Dynamo Moscow stadium, VTB-Lev Yashin Stadium. Its director Oleg Kapanets previously produced Gagarin: First in Space.Several streets are named after Yashin in Russian cities, and there are multiple monuments of Yashin, both in Russia and abroad.Yashin features in EA Sports" FIFA football video clip game series: he was added as an Ultimate Team Icon in FIFA 18, joining Brazilian forwards Pelé & Ronaldo, as well as Argentine playmaker Diego Maradona, & French striker Thierry Henry.

Quotes

"What kind of a goalkeeper is the one who is not tormented by the goal he has allowed? He must be tormented! and if he is calm, that means the end. No matter what he had in the past, he has no future."

"The joy of seeing Yuri Gagarin flying in space is only superseded by the joy of a good penalty save."


"There have only been two world-class goalkeepers. One was Lev Yashin, the other was the German boy who played for Manchester City."

"I am not the best goalkeeper in the world, it is Vladimir Beara."

"Yashin plays football better than me"

Other statistics

812 career games playedestimated to lớn have made over 150 penalty saves during his career326 games played for Dynamo Moscow main line-up (football team)74 caps for the USSR national team (70 goals conceded)12 caps at the World Cup (4 clean sheets)2 FIFA "Best of the World XI" appearances (1963-vs England,1968– vs Brazil)FIFA testimonial match (1971)270 career clean sheets

Dynamo Moscow

Soviet top LeagueChampions: 1954, 1955, 1957, 1959, 1963Runners-up: 1950, 1956, 1958, 1962, 1967, 1970Soviet CupChampions: 1953, 1967, 1970Runners-up: 1955

Dynamo Moscow ice hockey team

Soviet Cup champions: 1953

Soviet Union

FIFA World Cup4th Place: 1966UEFA European Football ChampionshipChampions: 1960Runner-up: 1964Olympics GamesGold Medal: 1956

Individual

1960: USSR Goalkeeper of the year1960: UEFA European Championship Team of the Tournament1962: FIFA World Cup final1963: USSR Goalkeeper of the year1963: FIFA XI1963: Ballon d"Or (the only goalkeeper to lớn hold the award)1963: World Soccer World XI1964: UEFA European Championship Team of the Tournament1964: World Soccer World XI1966: USSR Goalkeeper of the year1966: World Soccer World XI1967: Order of Lenin1967: World Soccer World XI1968: FIFA XI1986: Olympic Order in Silver1988: FIFA Order of Merit1994: FIFA World Cup All-Time Team1998: World Team of the 20th Century2000: FIFA Goalkeeper of the Century2002: FIFA World Cup Dream Team2003: Golden Player of Russia2013: World Soccer Greatest XI of all time