Pertubuhan Bangsa-Bangsa bersatu berkata, pembayaran di muka aliran migran bandar geram akan memberi kesan kepada bandar-bandar di rantau ini di dalam dekad yang akan datang. Trend ini boleh memburukkan lainnya masalah alam tentang dan ekonomi, tetapi mereka juga membawa aspek pembaharuan.

Oleh Zachary Frye

Pada lima 2019, the Asia-Pacific became a bulk urban population for the very first time in history. There are no indicators of the urban population growth slowing down.

According come a new cerita from the joined Nations, there will certainly be 1.2 billion brand-new urban residents in the region by 2050. This tajam spike in the urban population will transform regional economies, societies and environments.

With the possibility of quick change, policymakers require to start developingcities’ volume for resilience. Matters kemudian as resource and framework management,disaster risk and also inequality could substantially disrupt urban sustainability.Walau bagaimanapun, there is tambahan the potential for economic and social renewal.

Atas sebab ini, city demographic move shouldn’t have to be feared. The risks of mismanaged migration room real, yet so are the prospects because that workable solutions. With properly implemented policies, ASEAN’s cities mungkin become a worldwide model for inclusive metropolitan living.

Anda sedang menonton: Urutan negara termiskin di asia tenggara

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photo Kredit: Pixabay

Climate changeand inequality haunt the promise that positive adjust

While the potential because that positive change in Southeast oriental cities isclear, the risks shouldn’t it is in ignored.

Two that the paling pressing concerns borne from haphazard populace growth space in the economic and also environmental sectors. If financial and social inequalities continue to grow, it will certainly be much harder come maintain evolusi and stability in metropolitan hubs. There is no tangible efforts to decrease inequality, PBB warns that metropolitan slum populations will increase in tandem with increased migration.

Promoting inclusive societies, melalui itu, will certainly be vital to reducingthe danger of increased urban poor in the comes decades.

The threat of increasing waters native hotter climates will also be challenging. With countless ASEAN megacities situated on coastal, low lying areas, greater populations could complicate initiatives to reduce climate-induced displacement and also income shocks.

“One vital message we spotlight in the report is the the ar urban economic climates have emerged through mostly environmentally exploitative models. Unsustainable intake patterns and also changes in way of life over recent decades bersama have primarily resulted in environmental degradation, ns of biodiversity, increased pressure on herbal resources, generation the waste, exposure to pollution and disasters, and also vulnerability to climate change, every one of which need urgent incorporated responses and political action,” states Ms Alisjahbana.

Unless runaway temperature boosts are stopped, rising waterscould menjadi the best threat to the region’s urban by 2050. Bangkok, Ho ChiMinh, Yangon and also a hold of other ASEAN cities are incredibly vulnerable to theill-effects the climate change. In the worst-case scenario, ukuran displacementand task loss bisa devastate communities and economies. Atas sebab ini, the isimperative that policymakers take this melepaskan seriously.

Some regionalcities are laying the groundwork because that inclusive growth, but much more needs to bedone

In the confront of quick urban migration and also environmental degradation,robust long-term planning will certainly be crucial. Nasib baik, there space a hold ofplaces within the region that space contributing to optimistic momentum top top theissue.

Lihat lainnya: Begini Caranya Menghapus Foto Di Google Maps, Add, Remove, Or Share Photos And Videos

Pada tahun Surabaya, Indonesia, kemudian contoh, the municipal government enacts a holistic urban development programme called ‘Green Kampong.’ The program emphasises targeted development at the regional level. Demokrasi di untuk nama komuniti dan perancangan serta belanjawan partisipatif didorong mencapai memperhatikan kesan makhluk sekitar.

Begitu juga, kerja-kerja "Citizen Park programme Space" apa seiring dengan sosial setinggan karena memindahkan mereka dari tebing sungai tetes maruah. Lokasi bertukar menjadi taman awam dengan bantuan dari perniagaan tempatan.

dasar-dasar negara peringkat tambahan boleh making perbezaan. Di Kemboja, kerajaan menganjurkan menyimpan skim dipanggil "Kumpulan Wang Pembangunan Bandar Teruk." mencapai memberi tumpuan kepada inhabitants bandar miskin, ia dikumpulkan sumber untuk simpanan social bantuan dana, naik tingkat perumahan dan penambahbaikan prasarana berskala kecil.

Bagi pelaksanaan cerdas teknologi, penggunaan dibuat Luang Prabang sistem maklumat geografi (GIS) membanjiri pertempuran di Laos ialah model usaha wabah alam di lanta ini. Kemudian tanah lembap semula enim menjadi diuraikan melalui pembangunan bandar dan pencerobohan haram, bandar akan menggunakan rangkaian sensor luas untuk menyusun data di atas sistem perparitan dan ekologi tempatan. Data yang dijangka memaklumkan radikal mengenai pembangunan dan pemuliharaan yg meliputi seluruh kota.

Walaupun usaha-usaha ini menggalakkan, masih kawanan kerja yang perlu dilakukan. Karena bandar-bandar ASEAN karena berkembang maju batin dekad apa akan datang, pendekatan such ini mesti were diterima pakai dengan lebih meluas. Untuk bersedia buat meningkat perpindahan setelah bandar, hollistisme alam sekitar, pertimbangan ekonomi dan sosial akan menjadi perlu. Pembuat dasar serantau mempunyai alat buat melicinkan peralihan, tetapi ia akan mengambil politik kehendak dan pemikiran nanti hadapan jam jauh buat terus kadar.